Normal and Abnormal Sleep in the Elderly
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Our knowledge about how sleep changes with age has grown significantly over the past few decades. Researchers have shown that there are typical age-related, normal changes that occur in sleep architecture and sleep patterns. However, aging is also accompanied by a variety of sleep complaints and sleep disorders. This chapter will review both normal and abnormal sleep in the elderly. Polysomnography PSG has provided objective evidence of the changes in sleep architecture that occur with aging. In general, sleep becomes more fragmented and lighter with an increase in the number of arousals and awakenings. There is a reduction in the amount of slow wave sleep stage 3 and 4beginning in middle-age, with some reports that these deeper stages of sleep are completely absent after the age of 90 Bliwise ; Ohayon et al.
Aim out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. The diagnosis and treatment of obstructive be asleep apnea is discussed in the background of recent diagnostic and therapeutic advances. Obstructive sleep apnea OSA is characterized by episodes of breathing cessation before shallow breathing in sleep.
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